# Optimization AlgorithmsΒΆ

The method is used in the following context: is a vector of unknown variables, a vector considered to be well known or where uncertainty is negligible, and is the scalar variable of interest. The objective here is to determine the extreme (minimum and maximum) values of when varies.

It is possible to use some optimization algorithms. We give the
principle of the TNC (Truncated Newton Constrained) algorithm which
minimizes a function with variables subject to bounds, using gradient
information.

Truncated-Newton methods are a family of methods suitable for solving
large nonlinear optimization problems. At each iteration, the current
estimate of the solution is updated by approximately solving the
Newton equations using an iterative algorithm. This results in a
doubly iterative method: an outer iteration for the nonlinear
optimization problem and an inner iteration for the Newton equations.
The inner iteration is typically stopped or

*truncated*before the solution to the Newton equations is obtained.The TNC algorithm resolves:
and proceeds as follows under the proper regularity of the objective
function :

The Taylor development of second order of around leads to the determination of the iterate such as:

(1)ΒΆ

The equation (1) is truncated: the iterative research of is stopped as soon as verifies :

At last, the iteration is defined by:

where is the parameter *stepmx*.