# Create a stationary covariance model¶

This use case illustrates how the User can create a covariance function from parametric models. The library implements the multivariate Exponential model as a parametric model for the covariance function where the spatial covariance function writes: It is possible to define the exponential model from the spatial covariance matrix rather than the correlation matrix : with: We call the amplitude vector and the scale vector.

The library implements the multivariate exponential model thanks to the object ExponentialModel which is created from:

• the scale and amplitude vectors : in that case, by default ;

• the scale and amplitude vectors and the spatial correlation matrix ;

• the scale and amplitude vectors and the spatial covariance matrix ; Then is mapped into the associated correlation matrix and the previous constructor is used.

:

from __future__ import print_function
import openturns as ot
import math as m

:

# Create the amplitude vector (output dimension 3)
amplitude = [1.0, 2.0, 3.0]

# Scale vector (input dimension 1)
scale = [4.0]

# spatialCorrelation
spatialCorrelation = ot.CorrelationMatrix(3)
spatialCorrelation[0, 1] = 0.8
spatialCorrelation[0, 2] = 0.6
spatialCorrelation[1, 2] = 0.1

# spatialCovariance
spatialCovariance = ot.CovarianceMatrix(3)
spatialCovariance[0, 0] = 4.0
spatialCovariance[1, 1] = 5.0
spatialCovariance[2, 2] = 6.0
spatialCovariance[0, 1] = 1.2
spatialCovariance[0, 2] = 0.9
spatialCovariance[1, 2] = -0.2

:

# Create the covariance model from the amplitude and scale, no spatial correlation
ot.ExponentialModel(scale, amplitude)

:


ExponentialModel(scale=, amplitude=[1,2,3], no spatial correlation)

:

# or from the amplitude, scale and spatialCovariance
ot.ExponentialModel(scale, amplitude, spatialCorrelation)

:


ExponentialModel(scale=, amplitude=[1,2,3], spatial correlation=
[[ 1 0.8 0.6 ]
[ 0.8 1 0.1 ]
[ 0.6 0.1 1 ]])

:

# or from the scale and spatialCovariance
ot.ExponentialModel(scale, spatialCovariance)

:


ExponentialModel(scale=, amplitude=[2,2.23607,2.44949], no spatial correlation)