BoxCoxFactory¶
(Source code, png, hires.png, pdf)

class
BoxCoxFactory
(*args)¶ BoxCox transformation estimator.
Notes
The class
BoxCoxFactory
enables to build a Box Cox transformation from data.The Box Cox transformation maps a sample into a new sample following a normal distribution with independent components. That sample may be the realization of a process as well as the realization of a distribution.
In the multivariate case, OpenTURNS proceeds component by component: which writes :
for all .
BoxCox transformation could alse be performed in the case of the estimation of a general linear model through
GeneralLinearModelAlgorithm
. The objective is to estimate the most likely surrogate model (general linear model) which links input data and . are to be calibrated such as maximizing the general linear model’s likelihood function. In that context, aCovarianceModel
and aBasis
have to be fixedMethods
build
(*args)Estimate the Box Cox transformation. getClassName
()Accessor to the object’s name. getId
()Accessor to the object’s id. getName
()Accessor to the object’s name. getOptimizationAlgorithm
()getShadowedId
()Accessor to the object’s shadowed id. getVisibility
()Accessor to the object’s visibility state. hasName
()Test if the object is named. hasVisibleName
()Test if the object has a distinguishable name. setName
(name)Accessor to the object’s name. setOptimizationAlgorithm
(solver)setShadowedId
(id)Accessor to the object’s shadowed id. setVisibility
(visible)Accessor to the object’s visibility state. 
__init__
(*args)¶ x.__init__(…) initializes x; see help(type(x)) for signature

build
(*args)¶ Estimate the Box Cox transformation.
 Available usages:
build(myTimeSeries)
build(myTimeSeries, shift)
build(myTimeSeries, shift, likelihoodGraph)
build(mySample)
build(mySample, shift)
build(mySample, shift, likelihoodGraph)
build(inputSample, outputSample, covarianceModel, basis, shift, generalLinearModelResult)
build(inputSample, outputSample, covarianceModel, shift, generalLinearModelResult)
Parameters: myTimeSeries :
TimeSeries
One realization of a process.
mySample :
Sample
A set of iid values.
shift :
Point
It ensures that when shifted, the data are all positive. If not precised, OpenTURNS uses the opposite of the min vector of the data if some data are negative.
likelihoodGraph :
Graph
An empty graph that is fulfilled later with the loglikelihood of the mapped variables with respect to the parameter for each component.
inputSample, outputSample :
Sample
or 2darrayThe input and output samples of a model evaluated apart.
basis :
Basis
Functional basis to estimate the trend. If the output dimension is greater than 1, the same basis is used for all marginals.
multivariateBasis : collection of
Basis
Collection of functional basis: one basis for each marginal output. If the trend is not estimated, the collection must be empty.
covarianceModel :
CovarianceModel
Covariance model. Should have spatial dimension equal to input sample’s dimension and dimension equal to output sample’s dimension. See note for some particular applications.
generalLinearModelResult :
GeneralLinearModelResult
Empty structure that contains results of general linear model algorithm.
Returns: myBoxCoxTransform :
BoxCoxTransform
The estimated Box Cox transformation.
Notes
We describe the estimation in the univariate case, in the case of no surrogate model estimate. Only the parameter is estimated. To clarify the notations, we omit the mention of in .
We note a sample of . We suppose that .
The parameters are estimated by the maximum likelihood estimators. We note and respectively the cumulative distribution function and the density probability function of the distribution.
We have :
from which we derive the density probability function p of :
which enables to write the likelihood of the values :
We notice that for each fixed , the likelihood equation is proportional to the likelihood equation which estimates .
Thus, the maximum likelihood estimators for for a given are :
Substituting these expressions in the likelihood equation and taking the likelihood leads to:
The parameter is the one maximising .
When the empty graph likelihoodGraph is precised, it is fulfilled with the evolution of the likelihood with respect to the value of for each component i. It enables to graphically detect the optimal values.
In the case of surrogate model estimate, we note the input sample of , the input sample of . We suppose the general linear model link with :
is a functional basis whith for all i, are the coefficients of the linear combination and is a zeromean gaussian process with a stationary covariance function Thus implies that .
The likelihood function to be maximized writes as follows:
where is the matrix resulted from the discretization of the covariance model over . The parameter is the one maximising .
Examples
Estimate the Box Cox transformation from a sample:
>>> import openturns as ot >>> mySample = ot.Exponential(2).getSample(10) >>> myBoxCoxFactory = ot.BoxCoxFactory() >>> myModelTransform = myBoxCoxFactory.build(mySample) >>> estimatedLambda = myModelTransform.getLambda()
Estimate the Box Cox transformation from a field:
>>> myIndices= ot.Indices([10, 5]) >>> myMesher=ot.IntervalMesher(myIndices) >>> myInterval = ot.Interval([0.0, 0.0], [2.0, 1.0]) >>> myMesh=myMesher.build(myInterval) >>> amplitude=[1.0] >>> scale=[0.2, 0.2] >>> myCovModel=ot.ExponentialModel(scale, amplitude) >>> myXproc=ot.GaussianProcess(myCovModel, myMesh) >>> g = ot.SymbolicFunction(['x1'], ['exp(x1)']) >>> myDynTransform = ot.ValueFunction(g, 2) >>> myXtProcess = ot.CompositeProcess(myDynTransform, myXproc)
>>> myField = myXtProcess.getRealization() >>> myModelTransform = ot.BoxCoxFactory().build(myField)
Estimation of a general linear model:
>>> inputSample = ot.Uniform(1.0, 1.0).getSample(20) >>> outputSample = ot.Sample(inputSample) >>> # Evaluation of y = ax + b (a: scale, b: translate) >>> outputSample = outputSample * [3] + [3.1] >>> # inverse transfo + small noise >>> def f(x): import math; return [math.exp(x[0])] >>> inv_transfo = ot.PythonFunction(1,1, f) >>> outputSample = inv_transfo(outputSample) + ot.Normal(0, 1.0e2).getSample(20) >>> # Estimation >>> result = ot.GeneralLinearModelResult() >>> basis = ot.LinearBasisFactory(1).build() >>> covarianceModel = ot.DiracCovarianceModel() >>> shift = [1.0e1] >>> myBoxCox = ot.BoxCoxFactory().build(inputSample, outputSample, covarianceModel, basis, shift, result)

getClassName
()¶ Accessor to the object’s name.
Returns: class_name : str
The object class name (object.__class__.__name__).

getId
()¶ Accessor to the object’s id.
Returns: id : int
Internal unique identifier.

getName
()¶ Accessor to the object’s name.
Returns: name : str
The name of the object.

getShadowedId
()¶ Accessor to the object’s shadowed id.
Returns: id : int
Internal unique identifier.

getVisibility
()¶ Accessor to the object’s visibility state.
Returns: visible : bool
Visibility flag.

hasName
()¶ Test if the object is named.
Returns: hasName : bool
True if the name is not empty.

hasVisibleName
()¶ Test if the object has a distinguishable name.
Returns: hasVisibleName : bool
True if the name is not empty and not the default one.

setName
(name)¶ Accessor to the object’s name.
Parameters: name : str
The name of the object.

setShadowedId
(id)¶ Accessor to the object’s shadowed id.
Parameters: id : int
Internal unique identifier.

setVisibility
(visible)¶ Accessor to the object’s visibility state.
Parameters: visible : bool
Visibility flag.
