Create a custom spectral model¶
This use case illustrates how the User can define his own density spectral function from parametric models. The library allows it thanks to the object UserDefinedSpectralModel defined from:
a frequency grid with step , stored in the object RegularGrid,
a collection of hermitian matrices stored in the object HermitianMatrixCollection, which are the images of each point of the frequency grid through the density spectral function.
The library builds a constant piecewise function on , where the intervals where the density spectral function is constant are centered on the points of the frequency grid, of length . Then, it is possible to evaluate the spectral density function for a given frequency thanks to the method computeSpectralDensity: if the frequency is not inside the interval , an exception is thrown. Otherwise, it returns the hermitian matrix of the subinterval of that contains the given frequency.
In the following script, we illustrate how to create a modified low pass model of dimension with exponential decrease defined by: where
Frequency value should be positive,
for , the spectral density function is constant: ,
for , the spectral density function is equal to .
The frequency grid is with Hz. The figure draws the spectral density.
from __future__ import print_function import openturns as ot import math as m
# Create the frequency grid: fmin = 0.1 df = 0.5 N = int((10.0 - fmin)/ df) fgrid = ot.RegularGrid(fmin, df, N)
# Define the spectral function: def s(f): if(f <= 5.0): return 1.0 else: x = f - 5.0 return m.exp(-2.0 * x * x)
# Create the collection of HermitianMatrix: coll = ot.HermitianMatrixCollection() for k in range(N): frequency = fgrid.getValue(k) matrix = ot.HermitianMatrix(1) matrix[0, 0] = s(frequency) coll.add(matrix)
# Create the spectral model: spectralModel = ot.UserDefinedSpectralModel(fgrid, coll) # Get the spectral density function computed at first frequency values firstFrequency = fgrid.getStart() frequencyStep = fgrid.getStep() firstHermitian = spectralModel(firstFrequency) # Get the spectral function at frequency + 0.3 * frequencyStep spectralModel(frequency + 0.3 * frequencyStep)
[[ (2.50622e-15,0) ]]
# Draw the spectral density # Create the curve of the spectral function x = ot.Sample(N, 2) for k in range(N): frequency = fgrid.getValue(k) x[k, 0] = frequency value = spectralModel(frequency) x[k, 1] = value[0, 0].real # Create the graph graph = ot.Graph('Spectral user-defined model', 'Frequency', 'Spectral density value', True) curve = ot.Curve(x, 'UserSpectral') graph.add(curve) graph.setLegendPosition('topright') graph