FAST sensitivity indices¶
This example will demonstrate how to quantify the correlation between the input variables and the output variable of a model using the FAST method, based upon the Fourier decomposition of the model response, which is a relevant alternative to the classical simulation approach for computing Sobol sensitivity indices.
The FAST indices, like the Sobol indices, allow to evaluate the importance of a single variable or a specific set of variables.
In theory, FAST indices range is ; the closer to 1 the index is, the greater the model response sensitivity to the variable is.
The FAST method compute the first and total order indices. The first order indices evaluate the importance of one variable at a time ( indices, with the input dimension of the model).
The total indices give the relative importance of every variables except the variable , for every variable.
from __future__ import print_function import openturns as ot
# Create the model (ishigami) model = ot.SymbolicFunction(['x1', 'x2', 'x3'], ['sin(pi_*x1)+7*sin(pi_*x2)*sin(pi_*x2)+0.1*((pi_*x3)*(pi_*x3)*(pi_*x3)*(pi_*x3))*sin(pi_*x1)'])
# Create the input independent joint distribution distribution = ot.ComposedDistribution([ot.Uniform(-1.0, 1.0)] * 3) distribution.setDescription(['x1', 'x2', 'x3'])
size = 400 sensitivityAnalysis = ot.FAST(model, distribution, size) # Compute the first order indices (first and total order indices are # computed together) firstOrderIndices = sensitivityAnalysis.getFirstOrderIndices() # Retrieve total order indices totalOrderIndices = sensitivityAnalysis.getTotalOrderIndices()
# Print indices print('First order FAST indices:', firstOrderIndices) print('Total order FAST indices:', totalOrderIndices)
First order FAST indices: [0.307461,0.442524,4.18878e-07] Total order FAST indices: [0.554247,0.487101,0.239464]
ot.SobolIndicesAlgorithm.DrawImportanceFactors(firstOrderIndices, distribution.getDescription(), 'FAST first order indices')
ot.SobolIndicesAlgorithm.DrawImportanceFactors(totalOrderIndices, distribution.getDescription(), 'FAST total order indices')