"""
How to fill an area
===================
"""
# sphinx_gallery_thumbnail_number = 2
# %%
# %%
# In this example, we show how to fill specified area with a given color.
# %%
import openturns as ot
import openturns.viewer as viewer
from matplotlib import pylab as plt
ot.Log.Show(ot.Log.NONE)
# %%
# We generate a sample from a standard gaussian distribution.
# %%
dist = ot.Normal()
graph = dist.drawPDF()
view = viewer.View(graph)
# %%
def linearSample(xmin, xmax, npoints):
"""Returns a sample created from a regular grid
from xmin to xmax with npoints points."""
step = (xmax - xmin) / (npoints - 1)
rg = ot.RegularGrid(xmin, step, npoints)
vertices = rg.getVertices()
return vertices
# %%
a = 1.0
b = 2.0
# %%
nplot = 100 # Number of points in the plot
x = linearSample(a, b, nplot)
y = dist.computePDF(x)
# %%
# The following function uses the `PolygonArray` class to create a area filled with a given color.
# %%
def drawInTheBounds(vLow, vUp, n_test):
"""
Draw the area within the bounds.
"""
palette = ot.Drawable.BuildDefaultPalette(2)
myPaletteColor = palette[1]
polyData = [[vLow[i], vLow[i + 1], vUp[i + 1], vUp[i]] for i in range(n_test - 1)]
polygonList = [
ot.Polygon(polyData[i], myPaletteColor, myPaletteColor)
for i in range(n_test - 1)
]
boundsPoly = ot.PolygonArray(polygonList)
return boundsPoly
# %%
# Compute the bounds to fill: the lower vertical bound is zero and the upper vertical bound is the PDF.
# %%
vLow = [[x[i, 0], 0.0] for i in range(nplot)]
vUp = [[x[i, 0], y[i, 0]] for i in range(nplot)]
# %%
area = dist.computeCDF(b) - dist.computeCDF(a)
# %%
boundsPoly = drawInTheBounds(vLow, vUp, nplot)
graph = dist.drawPDF()
graph.add(boundsPoly)
graph.setTitle("Area = %.3f" % (area))
graph.setLegends([""])
view = viewer.View(graph)
plt.show()
# %%
# The CDF difference is equal to the area under the curve.