# LinearModelAlgorithm¶

class LinearModelAlgorithm(*args)

Class used to create a linear model from numerical samples.

Available usages:

LinearModelAlgorithm(Xsample, Ysample)

LinearModelAlgorithm(Xsample, basis, Ysample)

Parameters
XSample2-d sequence of float

The input samples of a model.

YSample2-d sequence of float

The output samples of a model, must be of dimension 1.

basisBasis

The basis .

Notes

This class is used in order to create a linear model from data samples. The linear regression model between the scalar variable and the -dimensional vector writes as follows: where is the residual, supposed to follow the standard Normal distribution, a functional basis. The algorithm class enables to estimate the coefficients of the linear expansion.

If basis is not specified, the underlying model is : The coefficients are evaluated using a least squares method. Default method is QR. User might also choose SVD or Cholesky (useful if basis is orthogonal) and large dataset.

The evaluation of the coefficients is completed by some useful parameters that could help the diagnostic of the linearity.

Examples

>>> import openturns as ot
>>> distribution = ot.Normal()
>>> func = ot.SymbolicFunction(['x1','x2', 'x3'], ['x1 + x2 + sin(x2 * 2 * pi_)/5 + 1e-3 * x3^2'])
>>> dimension = 3
>>> distribution = ot.ComposedDistribution([ot.Normal()]*dimension)
>>> input_sample = distribution.getSample(20)
>>> output_sample = func(input_sample)
>>> algo = ot.LinearModelAlgorithm(input_sample, output_sample)
>>> algo.run()
>>> result = ot.LinearModelResult(algo.getResult())


Methods

 BuildDistribution(inputSample) Recover the distribution, with metamodel performance in mind. Accessor to the input basis. Accessor to the object’s name. Accessor to the joint probability density function of the physical input vector. Accessor to the object’s id. Accessor to the input sample. Accessor to the object’s name. Accessor to the output sample. Accessor to the computed linear model. Accessor to the object’s shadowed id. Accessor to the object’s visibility state. Test if the object is named. Test if the object has a distinguishable name. Compute the response surfaces. setDistribution(distribution) Accessor to the joint probability density function of the physical input vector. setName(name) Accessor to the object’s name. Accessor to the object’s shadowed id. setVisibility(visible) Accessor to the object’s visibility state.
__init__(*args)

Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.

static BuildDistribution(inputSample)

Recover the distribution, with metamodel performance in mind.

For each marginal, find the best 1-d continuous parametric model else fallback to the use of a nonparametric one.

The selection is done as follow:

• We start with a list of all parametric models (all factories)

• For each model, we estimate its parameters if feasible.

• We check then if model is valid, ie if its Kolmogorov score exceeds a threshold fixed in the MetaModelAlgorithm-PValueThreshold ResourceMap key. Default value is 5%

• We sort all valid models and return the one with the optimal criterion.

For the last step, the criterion might be BIC, AIC or AICC. The specification of the criterion is done through the MetaModelAlgorithm-ModelSelectionCriterion ResourceMap key. Default value is fixed to BIC. Note that if there is no valid candidate, we estimate a non-parametric model (KernelSmoothing or Histogram). The MetaModelAlgorithm-NonParametricModel ResourceMap key allows selecting the preferred one. Default value is Histogram

One each marginal is estimated, we use the Spearman independence test on each component pair to decide whether an independent copula. In case of non independence, we rely on a NormalCopula.

Parameters
sampleSample

Input sample.

Returns
distributionDistribution

Input distribution.

getBasis()

Accessor to the input basis.

Returns
basisBasis

The basis which had been passed to the constructor.

getClassName()

Accessor to the object’s name.

Returns
class_namestr

The object class name (object.__class__.__name__).

getDistribution()

Accessor to the joint probability density function of the physical input vector.

Returns
distributionDistribution

Joint probability density function of the physical input vector.

getId()

Accessor to the object’s id.

Returns
idint

Internal unique identifier.

getInputSample()

Accessor to the input sample.

Returns
inputSampleSample

The Xsample which had been passed to the constructor.

getName()

Accessor to the object’s name.

Returns
namestr

The name of the object.

getOutputSample()

Accessor to the output sample.

Returns
outputSampleSample

The Ysample which had been passed to the constructor.

getResult()

Accessor to the computed linear model.

Returns
resultLinearModelResult

The linear model built from numerical samples, along with other useful informations.

Accessor to the object’s shadowed id.

Returns
idint

Internal unique identifier.

getVisibility()

Accessor to the object’s visibility state.

Returns
visiblebool

Visibility flag.

hasName()

Test if the object is named.

Returns
hasNamebool

True if the name is not empty.

hasVisibleName()

Test if the object has a distinguishable name.

Returns
hasVisibleNamebool

True if the name is not empty and not the default one.

run()

Compute the response surfaces.

Notes

It computes the response surfaces and creates a MetaModelResult structure containing all the results.

setDistribution(distribution)

Accessor to the joint probability density function of the physical input vector.

Parameters
distributionDistribution

Joint probability density function of the physical input vector.

setName(name)

Accessor to the object’s name.

Parameters
namestr

The name of the object.

Accessor to the object’s shadowed id.

Parameters
idint

Internal unique identifier.

setVisibility(visible)

Accessor to the object’s visibility state.

Parameters
visiblebool

Visibility flag.