Define a connection function with a field output

In this example, we define a function which has a vector input and a field output. The goal of this example is to show how to use the PointToFieldConnection to combine two functions. A detailed explanation of the model is presented here.

Define the model

from __future__ import print_function
import openturns as ot
import openturns.viewer as viewer
from matplotlib import pylab as plt
import numpy as np

We first define the time grid associated with the model.

tmin=0.0 # Minimum time
tmax=12. # Maximum time
gridsize=100 # Number of time steps
mesh = ot.IntervalMesher([gridsize-1]).build(ot.Interval(tmin, tmax))
vertices = mesh.getVertices()

Creation of the input distribution.

distZ0 = ot.Uniform(100.0, 150.0)
distV0 = ot.Normal(55.0, 10.0)
distM = ot.Normal(80.0, 8.0)
distC = ot.Uniform(0.0, 30.0)
distribution = ot.ComposedDistribution([distZ0, distV0, distM, distC])
dimension = distribution.getDimension()



Then we define the Python function which computes the altitude at each time value. This function has 5 inputs: z0, v0, m, c and zmin.

def AltiFunc(X):
    g  = 9.81
    z0 = X[0]
    v0 = X[1]
    m  = X[2]
    c  = X[3]
    zmin  = X[4]
    tau = m / c
    vinf = - m * g / c
    t = np.array(vertices)
    z = z0 + vinf * t + tau * (v0 - vinf) * (1 - np.exp( - t / tau))
    z = np.maximum(z,zmin)
    return [[zeta[0]] for zeta in z]
outputDimension = 1
altitudeWithFiveInputs = ot.PythonPointToFieldFunction(5, mesh, outputDimension, AltiFunc)

Restrict the number of inputs

We define a function which has 4 inputs and 5 outputs: the 5th ouput zmin is set to zero.

projectionFunction = ot.SymbolicFunction(["z0", "v0", "m", "c"], ["z0", "v0", "m", "c", "0.0"])

Then we use the PointToFieldConnection to create a function which has 4 inputs and returns the output field.

altitudeWithFourInputs = ot.PointToFieldConnection(altitudeWithFiveInputs, projectionFunction)

Sample trajectories

In order to sample trajectories, we use the getSample method of the input distribution and apply the field function.

size = 10
inputSample = distribution.getSample(size)
outputSample = altitudeWithFourInputs(inputSample)

Draw some curves.

graph = outputSample.drawMarginal(0)
graph.setTitle('Viscous free fall: %d trajectories' % (size))
view = viewer.View(graph)
Viscous free fall: 10 trajectories

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.093 seconds)

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