FORM¶
- class FORM(*args)¶
First Order Reliability Method (FORM).
Refer to FORM.
- Available constructors:
FORM(nearestPointAlgorithm, event, physicalStartingPoint)
- Parameters:
- nearestPointAlgorithm
OptimizationAlgorithm
Optimization algorithm used to research the design point.
- event
RandomVector
Failure event.
- physicalStartingPointsequence of float
Starting point of the optimization algorithm, declared in the physical space.
- nearestPointAlgorithm
See also
Notes
See
Analytical
for the description of the first steps of the FORM analysis.The First Order Reliability Method (FORM) consists in linearizing the limit state function at the design point, denoted , which is the point on the limit state surface that is closest to the origin of the standard space.
Then, the probability where the limit state surface has been approximated by a linear surface (hyperplane) can be obtained exactly, thanks to the rotation invariance of the standard distribution :
where is the Hasofer-Lind reliability index, defined as the distance of the design point to the origin of the standard space and the marginal cumulative density function of the spherical distributions in the standard space.
The evaluation of the failure probability is stored in the data structure
FORMResult
recoverable with thegetResult()
method.Examples
>>> import openturns as ot >>> myFunction = ot.SymbolicFunction(['E', 'F', 'L', 'I'], ['-F*L^3/(3*E*I)']) >>> myDistribution = ot.Normal([50.0, 1.0, 10.0, 5.0], [1.0]*4, ot.IdentityMatrix(4)) >>> vect = ot.RandomVector(myDistribution) >>> output = ot.CompositeRandomVector(myFunction, vect) >>> event = ot.ThresholdEvent(output, ot.Less(), -3.0) >>> # We create an OptimizationAlgorithm algorithm >>> solver = ot.AbdoRackwitz() >>> algo = ot.FORM(solver, event, [50.0, 1.0, 10.0, 5.0]) >>> algo.run() >>> result = algo.getResult()
Methods
Accessor to the result.
Accessor to the object's name.
getEvent
()Accessor to the event of which the probability is calculated.
getId
()Accessor to the object's id.
getName
()Accessor to the object's name.
Accessor to the optimization algorithm used to find the design point.
Accessor to the starting point of the optimization algorithm.
Accessor to the result of FORM.
Accessor to the object's shadowed id.
Accessor to the object's visibility state.
hasName
()Test if the object is named.
Test if the object has a distinguishable name.
run
()Evaluate the failure probability.
setEvent
(event)Accessor to the event of which the probability is calculated.
setName
(name)Accessor to the object's name.
setNearestPointAlgorithm
(solver)Accessor to the optimization algorithm used to find the design point.
setPhysicalStartingPoint
(physicalStartingPoint)Accessor to the starting point of the optimization algorithm.
setResult
(formResult)Accessor to the result of FORM.
setShadowedId
(id)Accessor to the object's shadowed id.
setVisibility
(visible)Accessor to the object's visibility state.
- __init__(*args)¶
- getAnalyticalResult()¶
Accessor to the result.
- Returns:
- result
AnalyticalResult
Result structure which contains the results of the optimisation problem.
- result
- getClassName()¶
Accessor to the object’s name.
- Returns:
- class_namestr
The object class name (object.__class__.__name__).
- getEvent()¶
Accessor to the event of which the probability is calculated.
- Returns:
- event
RandomVector
Event of which the probability is calculated.
- event
- getId()¶
Accessor to the object’s id.
- Returns:
- idint
Internal unique identifier.
- getName()¶
Accessor to the object’s name.
- Returns:
- namestr
The name of the object.
- getNearestPointAlgorithm()¶
Accessor to the optimization algorithm used to find the design point.
- Returns:
- algorithm
OptimizationAlgorithm
Optimization algorithm used to research the design point.
- algorithm
- getPhysicalStartingPoint()¶
Accessor to the starting point of the optimization algorithm.
- Returns:
- point
Point
Starting point of the optimization algorithm, declared in the physical space.
- point
- getResult()¶
Accessor to the result of FORM.
- Returns:
- result
FORMResult
Structure containing all the results of the FORM analysis.
- result
- getShadowedId()¶
Accessor to the object’s shadowed id.
- Returns:
- idint
Internal unique identifier.
- getVisibility()¶
Accessor to the object’s visibility state.
- Returns:
- visiblebool
Visibility flag.
- hasName()¶
Test if the object is named.
- Returns:
- hasNamebool
True if the name is not empty.
- hasVisibleName()¶
Test if the object has a distinguishable name.
- Returns:
- hasVisibleNamebool
True if the name is not empty and not the default one.
- run()¶
Evaluate the failure probability.
Notes
Evaluate the failure probability and create a
FORMResult
, the structure result which is accessible with the methodgetResult()
.
- setEvent(event)¶
Accessor to the event of which the probability is calculated.
- Parameters:
- event
RandomVector
Event of which the probability is calculated.
- event
- setName(name)¶
Accessor to the object’s name.
- Parameters:
- namestr
The name of the object.
- setNearestPointAlgorithm(solver)¶
Accessor to the optimization algorithm used to find the design point.
- Parameters:
- algorithm
OptimizationAlgorithm
Optimization algorithm used to research the design point.
- algorithm
- setPhysicalStartingPoint(physicalStartingPoint)¶
Accessor to the starting point of the optimization algorithm.
- Parameters:
- pointsequence of float
Starting point of the optimization algorithm, declared in the physical space.
- setResult(formResult)¶
Accessor to the result of FORM.
- Parameters:
- result
FORMResult
Structure containing all the results of the FORM analysis.
- result
- setShadowedId(id)¶
Accessor to the object’s shadowed id.
- Parameters:
- idint
Internal unique identifier.
- setVisibility(visible)¶
Accessor to the object’s visibility state.
- Parameters:
- visiblebool
Visibility flag.
Examples using the class¶
Use the post-analytical importance sampling algorithm
Estimate a flooding probability
Use the Importance Sampling algorithm
Use the FORM algorithm in case of several design points
Use the FORM - SORM algorithms
Test the design point with the Strong Maximum Test
Axial stressed beam : comparing different methods to estimate a probability
An illustrated example of a FORM probability estimate